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Breast cancer

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. One hundred female to one male breast cancer. According to statistics, every 8 females have breast cancer at a certain time. The most common finding of breast cancer is breast cancer. For this reason, every woman should do a breast self-examination once a month and  occasionally go to the doctor’s examination. Routine mammography should be done every year after the age of 40. Patients with risk factors may be followed up with breast ultrasound and MR in addition to the self-examination at an earlier age.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

mass on the breast, hardness and irregular mass handling, changes in the breast skin, nipple depression and collapse, discharge, eczema-like appearance, growth in a single mammary gland, mass graft in axillae, unusual pain and tenderness.

Breast Cancer Risk Factors

Gender, Age, Previously found a cause of increased risk in the breast, Family history, Genetics, surgery with a previous breast cancer diagnosis.  The first menstrual must be 12 days before, Menopause after 55 years of age, The first live birth is over 30 years old, Breastfeeding period Birth control medications, Postmenopausal hormone therapy,  Being overweight increases the risk, Exposure to radiation, Alcohol drink.

Cancer screening on the chest

Every woman should do a breast self-examination once a month from the age of 20. It should be a doctor’s examination every 2-3 years from this age. The doctor’s examination should be done once a year after the age of 40 years. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can be used in people with a family history of breast cancer or a young and dense breast in a high-risk group. In women without risk factors, mammography screening starts at the age of 40 and is repeated every year. In case of clinical or radiological necessity, mammography and other radiological examinations can be added. The rate of radiation taken by mammography once a year is low. As the risk of breast cancer increases with age, it is recommended to continue the examination of the person.

Treatment:

The treatment of breast cancer depends on the stage of breast cancer. Most breast cancer patients are treated with a few of the following treatments according to the disease stage.

Local Treatment in Breast Cancer

·         Surgery

·         Radiotherapy

Systemic Treatment in Breast Cancer

·      Chemotherapy

·      Hormonotherapy

·      Targeted therapy