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Endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic tool, used to view the inside of organs, inspect for abnormalities and take biopsies. A small camera and light source are mounted onto a flexible tube which can be inserted into the mouth (to inspect the esophagus, stomach and duodenum) or the anus (to inspect the large bowel).

Gastroscopy; today is the most sensitive method used to diagnose diseases of the özofagus, stomach and duodenum.

Endoscopy is also widely used for diagnosis and treatment.

İndication of gastroscopy :

WHO recommends gastroscopy for all patients after  they are 45 years old. And also;

Difficulty in swallowing

– Difficulty swallowing of solid and liquid food

– Painful swallowing

– Feeling of food sticking when swallowed

-stomach pain not responding to drugs, burning

– Swelling and pain at the upper abdomen

– Anemia

– Unexplained sudden and rapid weight loss

– Bloody vomiting, melena

– Unknown nausea and vomiting.

Therapeutic Gastroscopic interventions:

1-Treatment of esophageal varices bleeding

2-Treatment of stomach bleeding

3-Dilatation   of eusofagus and pylor stenos

4-Removal of gastric polyps and early stage gastric tumors

5-Insertion of stent in Gis malignancy

6-Peg catheter replacement


Colonoscopy is more flexible  than gastroscopes, with a mean diameter of 130-170 cm and a diameter of 11-14 mm.

1-to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease

2-To determine treatment efficacy in IBD

3- Unexplained Fe deficiency anemia

4-Hematokesia, melena

5-chronic diarrhea

6-Cancer research

7-Malignancy follow-up

8-Familial cancer story and having polyposis syndromes

Therapeutic use:

1-Removal of polypectomy and early stage tumors,

2-Stenting in oncological tumors

3- Intervention to intestinal hemorrhage

4-Hemorrhoid band ligation

5- Marking the location of tumors

6-Detorsion of intestinal volvulus

7-Foreign body removal operations