Endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic tool, used to view the inside of organs, inspect for abnormalities and take biopsies. A small camera and light source are mounted onto a flexible tube which can be inserted into the mouth (to inspect the esophagus, stomach and duodenum) or the anus (to inspect the large bowel).
Gastroscopy; today is the most sensitive method used to diagnose diseases of the özofagus, stomach and duodenum.
Endoscopy is also widely used for diagnosis and treatment.
İndication of gastroscopy :
WHO recommends gastroscopy for all patients after they are 45 years old. And also;
Difficulty in swallowing
– Difficulty swallowing of solid and liquid food
– Painful swallowing
– Feeling of food sticking when swallowed
-stomach pain not responding to drugs, burning
– Swelling and pain at the upper abdomen
– Unexplained sudden and rapid weight loss
– Bloody vomiting, melena
– Unknown nausea and vomiting.
Therapeutic Gastroscopic interventions:
1-Treatment of esophageal varices bleeding
2-Treatment of stomach bleeding
3-Dilatation of eusofagus and pylor stenos
4-Removal of gastric polyps and early stage gastric tumors
5-Insertion of stent in Gis malignancy
6-Peg catheter replacement
Colonoscopy is more flexible than gastroscopes, with a mean diameter of 130-170 cm and a diameter of 11-14 mm.
1-to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease
2-To determine treatment efficacy in IBD
3- Unexplained Fe deficiency anemia
8-Familial cancer story and having polyposis syndromes
1-Removal of polypectomy and early stage tumors,
2-Stenting in oncological tumors
3- Intervention to intestinal hemorrhage
4-Hemorrhoid band ligation
5- Marking the location of tumors
6-Detorsion of intestinal volvulus
7-Foreign body removal operations