Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Gastroesophageal reflux is called gastric acid reflux because of various reasons. Normally, foods,acid and bile in the stomach do not escape to esophagus. GERD develops in some cases of disorders of the lid mechanism, in esophageal diseases, and in gastric emptying. GERD is a common disease in society.
What are the symptoms:
The heartburn, which starts from the upper gastrointestinal tract and can spread along the midline of sternum
After meals, stomach contents come into the mouth. (regurgitation)
Sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, fatigue, hiccups, tingling sensation and unexplained cough may be associated with GERD.
Diagnosis: Endoscopic examination is usually sufficient. Although some reflux cases may be complaints of the patient, endoscopic findings may be inadequate. in such cases it may be necessary to evaluate the esophagus by a 24 hour acid-measuring catheter (PH meter), or manometry.
Treatment: This method does not apply to every reflux patient. Success rates are around 60%.
Surgery: Laparoscopic surgery is the most commonly used treatment modality today. The patient remains in the hospital one day after laparoscopic surgery. With surgery, patients do not need to use drugs continuously, No dietary and lifestyle changes are required. There is a 90% success rate over the long term after surgery.
Stretta and endoplication: It is a non-surgical treatment developed for patients who have to continue to use medicines.