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Hernias are frequently seen in the abdomen and hernia is usually referred to as abdominal hernias. The organs and tissues in the abdominal cavity are protruding through a weak point on the abdominal wall. for example, crotch, belly and incisional hernias. for example, inguinal,umblical  and incisional hernias.

The hernia is caused by:

  1. Heavy lifting
  2. Standing for a long time
  3. Chronic cough
  4. Constipation
  5. Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  6. Pregnancy
  7. intraabdominal acid
  8. obesity

Umbilical Hernia

There are vessels feeding the baby in the umblical cord during pregnancy. Umbilical cord is cut after birth. Later  umbilical cord has fallen and the defect is closed. This point is a weak area. İf it is completely closed in childhood, umblical hernia can ocur. The hernia contains intestines and omentum.

Inguinal Hernia

The testes pass through the inguinal canal in the embryological stage and proceed towards the scrotum. The area is which the abdomen enters the inguinal canal is called the inner ring. This area is completely closed but this area is weaker than other abdominal walls. Events that increase the intra-abdominal pressure cause this point to reopen. The main reasons  of increased intraabdominal pressure are heavy lifting, constipation , prostate enlargement and chronic cough. This type of hernia is called indirect inguinal hernia.

Direct hernia: These hernias  is related with increased  intraabdominal pressure. İt  is more common in old people and men.

Femoral hernia:

Incisional Hernia: These  hernias developing at the incision site after abdominal operations. In standing, swelling and pain in the scar with coughing.


Usually the doctor’s examination is enough to make a diagnosis. If there is no obvious finding in the examination and ultrasonication may be required if the hernia is suspected.